Sunday, September 27, 2015

DIY Jewelry: Pearl Necklace

I've made Amy a few different pieces of jewelry over the years, and I'd been wanting to get her a pearl necklace for awhile.  However, a complete pearl necklace is super expensive! So I decided to learn how to make one myself.  Below is a description of materials and methods that hopefully will be easy enough for anyone to follow along themselves!


-Needle nose pliers
-Silk Bead Cord
-Lobster Clasp and 2 Jump Rings
-2 Cord Clasps

Pearls: You can buy these in strands at bead/craft stores (I got mine at Michaels).  They come in 'round' and 'potato' and the larger and rounder they are the more expensive.  Because of this variation, you can adjust your pearl quality to fit your budget pretty easily.  How many pearls you need depends on the length of the necklace you want to make, but roughly you need as many inches of pearls as you want of necklace (so a 24 inch necklace will need roughly 24 inches of pearls).  You can also of course use fake pearls, or a completely different type of bead! Make sure the pearls have holes drilled in them for the cord. Use a handy necklace size chart like this one if you are uncertain how long to make the necklace. 

Silk Bead Cord - This comes in different gauges (#2,4,6 etc), and each corresponds to a different diameter.  I used #4 (0.6mm) which fit through the holes in the pearls (when you buy the pearls it should say the diameter of the hole in them) but was still strong enough to hold the weight of the necklace.  You don't want to just use the smallest possible cord because it needs to be strong and the knots you tie in it need to be large enough to stop the pearls from sliding.  The cord I bought came with a needle attached, which is GREAT because otherwise it is awful trying to thread all the beads onto the cord.  Keep the entire length of cord (usually comes in 2 meter lengths) because with all the knots you will be tying you will use up a lot of it!

Lobster Clasp: I've been told that these are the most comfortable and easiest to use of all the different ways to clasp a necklace.  Results may vary.

Jump Rings: These are little rings of metal that are cut at one point so you can bend them open and closed again.  The jump rings need to be able to fit through the hoops of the cord clasps, and one of them also needs to be small enough to thread the Lobster Clasp onto it.

Cord Clasps: This is a little tube with a hoop at the end so that you can tie off a cord and then attach a jump ring to it.

Ideally make sure your Lobster Clasp, Jump Rings, and Cord Clasps are all the same tone of metal!

Making the Necklace:

A) Starting: First you need to thread one cord clasp onto the cord (put the needle in through the hoop side).  Tie a knot on the non-needle end of the cord, then tie a second knot over this knot.  Slide the cord clasp all the way down to this knot, and make sure the knot cannot slide through the cord clasp!  I forgot to take a picture of this step, so here is a very terrible illustration:

Now tie another knot on the other side of the cord clasp.  Tie the knot as close to the cord clasp as you can.  This knot will prevent the first pearl from running into the cord clasp. Another terrible illustration:

Here is a diagram of the two ends of the necklace, for reference:
We will add the jump rings and lobster clasp at the end.

B) Adding Pearls
There is a knot tied after each pearl, which prevents it from moving.  The key is to make the knot as close to the pearl as possible.  I used a needle nose pliers to make this a bit easier, after struggling for a long time to do it by hand.  This is by far the most time-consuming aspect of this project, and, fair warning, can take hours depending on how long a necklace you are making. 

1) Add a pearl on the far (needle) side of the cord and slide it aaaaall the way down to the knot you just made.
2) Make a big knot (do not tighten it) on the far side of the pearl

3) Use your needle nose pliers to grab the cord just as it exits the pearl.  The far side of the loop of the knot must be past the pliers (the cord you grab must be 'within' the knot) (see picture)

4) Tighten the knot down towards the pearl and the tip of the pliers

5) Release with the pliers once the knot is almost tightened, and use your fingers to push the knot closer to the pearl and cinch it.

6) Repeat until the desired length of necklace is accomplished.

C) Tying off the cord: Now you need to tie off the other end of the cord into a cord clasp.  The technique I used to do this is very similar to what I did for the pearls themselves.

1) Thread the cord through the cord clasp

2) Tie a very loose knot on the 'hoop' side of the clasp

3) Grab the cord immediately as it comes out of the cord clasp (within the knot) with a pliers (grab as close as you can to the cord clasp). Again grab the cord within the knot.

4) Tighten the knot down towards the tip of the pliers.  Let go with the pliers once it is almost fully tightened and push it down further into the cord clasp with your fingers.
5) Tie a second knot in the same place to make sure it stays! Once you are sure the cord clasp cannot slide over the knot, you can cut off the rest of the cord. 

Here is a third terrible illustration to show you what BOTH ends of your necklace should now look like:

D) Finishing
Open one Jump Ring (bend it open) and thread the Lobster Clasp onto it.  Now open both Jump Rings and thread them onto the hoops of the Cord Clasps.  Close the Jump Rings using needle nose pliers.  
Open the Lobster Clasp and connect it to the other Jump Ring.  Ta Da!
(shown: open and closed jump rings)

Again, the two ends together should look like this:

The little ball of pearls at the end is made by just tying a knot with the strand.

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